The plantar fascia is responsible for the chronic foot pain associated with plantar fasciitis. It is connective tissue that begins on the bottom of the heel bone and continues all the way along the sole toward the toes. During an examination, the symptoms can be recognized in several ways; the individual cannot bend their foot appropriately toward their shin, and often it is associated with knee pain as well. The pain is usually at its worst when a person rises and tries to take the first steps after a period of resting. It is also not uncommon for heel spurs to be associated with plantar fasciitis. The heel spurs do not cause the problem, it is actually just the opposite.
If the chronic pain should fail to respond to medication and therapy, surgery or other procedures may be necessary. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy directs sound waves at the location of the pain to try and encourage healing. The procedure itself can cause swelling, bruising, pain and numbness. The results have not been completely consistent with this treatment. It does become necessary for a few people to undergo surgery when other methods do not work. The surgery actually detaches the plantar fascia from the heel bone. This procedure usually leads to weakening of the arch in the foot.
Some home remedies that may relieve chronic pain include arch supports that can be purchased over-the-counter. There are some over-the-counter arch support products available that included magnets however, it has not been proven that these are any more likely to relieve chronic pain than those without. The application of an ice pack for between 15 and 20 minutes four times a day can relieve swelling. Instead of exercise that requires running or walking, try swimming instead. Stretch the arches to strengthen them at every opportunity. The best way to keep from having the condition is to always wear good shoes with support and keep a healthy weight.